A to Z Guide to Film Terms

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The process includes camera angles, lighting, properties, characters, and the movement of the actors. The conventions through which the impression of an unbroken continuum of space and time is suggested, constructing a consistent storyline out of takes made at different times. A sudden shift to another scene of action or different viewing angle; or a shot inserted between scenes to effect a transition as a bridging shot. The range of a camera lens. Depth of field refers to the distance furthest away from a lens in which the objects being photographed will remain in focus approaching infinity.

Depth of focus refers to the closest proximity to the lens in which the objects being photographed will remain in focus approaching the infinitesimal. Combining a series of seemingly unrelated shots, objects, people, situations, details and characters in juxtaposition with one another a form of montage, opposed to continuity cutting. A long shot, often the first in a sequence, which establishes the positions of elements relative to each other and identifies the setting. Sound which comes from out of frame, but is understood as belonging within the story space unlike incidental music, which is extra-diegetic.

A shot in which a small object e. The opposite of flashback: future events or events imagined by a character are shown. Each individual photographic image making up the film. Also refers to the area of the picture seen on the screen. The size and position of objects relative to the edges of the screen; the arrangement of objects so that they fit within the actual boundaries of the film. A rapid, jerky transition from one frame to the next, either disrupting the flow of time or movement within a scene or making an abrupt transition from one scene to another.

A shot in which a large object e. A cut between two shots of the same action from different positions, giving an impression of seamless simultaneity. A shot in which a largish object e. A shot in which a medium-size object e. Everything placed within the frame, including set decoration, costume, and styles of performance implies an emphasis on psychological and visual unity in a film from one frame to the next. Style of editing involving rapid cutting so that one image is juxtaposed with another or one scene quickly dissolves into the next.

Angles, settings and framing are manipulated in a conspicuous way violating coherent mise-en-scene so as to convey a swift passage of time, to create some kind of visual or conceptual continuity, or to generate a distinctive rhythm. See also dynamic cutting. The telling of a story and the information supplied to the audience by a voice coming from off screen who may or may not be a character in the story.

The convention that the camera can be placed in any position as long as it remains on one side of the action. The tempo at which the storyline of a film unfolds, affected by various elements including action, the length of scenes, camera angles, colour levels, editing, lighting, composition and sound.

A movement in which the camera turns to right or left on a horizontal axis. A shot producing a projected image that travels quickly across the screen, either by moving the subject past a stationary camera or by panning the camera past a stationary subject. A shot which is understood to be seen from the point of view of a character within the scene. A shift in focus between planes at different distances from the camera within the same shot. A close-up in which an actor or group is seen to respond to an event, often accomplished with a cutaway from the primary action to someone viewing the occurrence.

Two successive shots from equal and opposite angles, typically of characters during conversation. A series of segments of a film narrative edited together and unified by a common setting, time, event or story-line.

Cannes Film Festival An A to Z guide

I hope I never have to hear it again. In other words, linking to things. It's an awfully highfalutin term for something that many of us do every day, on Facebook and Twitter. Sharing links isn't some special skill or trade, but self-described curators, who rose to great power in , are effectively asserting that it is.

Adjective to describe female bodies. Has curvy lost all meaning, and if it has, is this a bad thing?

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Jezebel's Tracy Moore thinks it is a good thing, in fact. I agree with Bans that curvy, whether celebratory or not, is falling into a kind of overused meaninglessness, which says more about editors and writers being a wee bit lazy and less about the word itself. But also, does one really need to tack such a word onto a photo of a woman who people can very well see for themselves is shaped the way in which she is?

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Isn't this consummate to pointing out that so-and-so wore a red dress, when so-and-so is clearly wearing a red dress? Then again, if we don't know what curvy means, maybe it's not, which curves us right back again to the meaninglessness in which the word is now immersed, like so many starlets gallivanting in the ocean waters in retro polka-dot bikinis, showing off their curves.

Proposal: Let's use curvy to describe lines, not humans. Verb, but with noun and other forms. This revolting word has got to go. It's the new first principle of business, which suggests the primary function of business anymore isn't to build things up but to tear them down. Disruption is now an end in itself, and no industry is safe when the sole moral obligation of the disruptor is to disrupt.

And so it is that we get for-profit education. Enough disrupting. Let's get back to 'doing business. Rebecca Greenfield explains, "This reasonable science-related word has been co-opted by the tech writing community, which has senselessly ravaged it. The true meaning of the term translates to a 'biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment. To tech writers, however, ecosystem involves a lot of non-living things that just happen to share characteristics.

The Android ecosystem, the app ecosystem, the tablet ecosystem, the digital ecosystem, the start-up ecosystem — it's not like at the end of the day all the little gadgets go home to their gadget neighborhoods and hang out.

Unless you're describing The Iliad or The Odyssey and in a high school or college English class , choose anew, friends. Don't make me say this again in Fiscal Cliff. America's economy won't suddenly plummet to the bottom of a crevasse on January 1, and even if it were going to, an imaginary rock formation doesn't teach anyone about how budgets are made.

Noun with political inclinations. A gaffe is a guaranteed two-post story — one on the original comment, and one on the follow-up comment explaining the comment. What is this, even? Get rid of this word "and all senseless tech start-up jargon because what does that even mean?

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Nobody knows. Not even the people who use it. Just stop it," says Greenfield. Did you hear the one about the parents who named their new baby Hashtag? Yeah, that's about enough of that. The way a serial killer chuckles. This is a particular spelling of laughter which I personally cannot stand, mostly because it is so very creepy.

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Don't like LOL or ha ha ha , either? The Atlantic's Megan Garber can help.


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It's gotten so it's boring to decry this term, which makes it even sadder when we see it. Again with the meaninglessness as related to pervasiveness! And yet, it's a dig, too. How can that be? You're just saying 'white person. Historic, historical. Dashiell Bennett speaks to the gross overuse of this word, saying, "Every election is historic.

Technically, anything that ever happens can become history, so pundits really need to stop throwing this word around anytime they want to make something sound important. It's like that old saying: If everything is special, then nothing is. Usage type. This is not a word, per se, but instead something we do.

Writer and "sometime televisualist" Kurt Loder brings it to our attention. The coy C and N euphemisms like the laughably juvenile F bomb are an understandable alternative in family-oriented newspapers and magazines, and, I suppose, on broadcast television. But anyone over the age of, say, 12, likely knows what the letters stand for, and in more worldly outlets —like this one!

Expressions of "internet popularity. Expression of douchey enthusiasm. Drew Magary explains: "So Jeah Jeah is the 'Jayden' of catchphrases. Jeah makes me despise the idea of affirming anything. I don't want to be here when he coins Xamesome and Zadical.