Chameleons for Children! - Amazing Animals of the World

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They often change color to warm up or cool down. Turning darker helps warm the animals because the dark colors absorb more heat. They also switch shades to communicate with other chameleons, using bright colors to attract potential mates or warn enemies. So how exactly do chameleons change colors? The outer layer of their skin is see-through. Beneath that are layers of special cells filled with pigment—the substance that gives plants and animals including you color.

Where do Chameleons Live?

To display a new color, the brain sends a message for these cells to get bigger or smaller. As this happens, pigments from different cells are released, and they mix with each other to create new skin tones. For instance, red and blue pigment may mix to make the chameleon look purple. Over species of chameleons exist, ranging from the size of your thumbnail to that of a house cat.

Sometimes it helps the animal communicate with other chameleons. Chameleon eyes have a degree arc of vision and can see two directions at once. Chameleons have the most distinctive eyes of any reptile.

Chameleons are Amazing – National Geographic | The Kid Should See This

Their upper and lower eyelids are joined, with only a pinhole large enough for the pupil to see through. They can rotate and focus separately to observe two different objects simultaneously, which lets their eyes move independently from each other. This gives them a full degree arc of vision around their body.


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When prey is located, both eyes can be focused in the same direction, giving sharp stereoscopic vision and depth perception. Chameleons have very good eyesight for reptiles, letting them see small insects from a long 5—10 m distance. Chameleons vary greatly in size and body structure , with maximum total length varying from 15 millimetres 0.

Ballistic tongues that are 1. Chameleons feed by ballistically projecting their long tongue from their mouth to capture prey located some distance away.

Chameleon (Marvel Comics)

Tongue projection occurs at extremely high performance, reaching the prey in as little as 0. Happy Feet. The feet of chameleons are highly adapted to movement in trees arboreal locomotion. On each foot there are five clearly distinguished toes that are grouped into a flattened section of either two or three toes, giving each foot a tongs-like appearance. On the front feet the outer group contains two toes, whereas the inner group contains three.

Why Do Chameleons Change Their Colors?

On the rear feet this arrangement is reversed. These specialized feet allow chameleons to grip tightly onto narrow or rough branches.

Beautiful Footage: Chameleons Are Amazing - National Geographic

Each toe is also equipped with a sharp claw to help grip on surfaces when climbing. Males are typically much more ornamented.

Many have head or facial ornamentations such as nasal protrusions or horn-like projections. Others can have large crests on top of their head. Like snakes, chameleons do not have an outer or a middle ear so there is neither an ear opening nor an eardrum.

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However, chameleons are not deaf. They can detect sound frequencies in the range — Hz. Ultraviolet vision. Chameleons can see in both visible and ultraviolet light. Chameleons exposed to ultraviolet light show increased social behaviour and activity levels and are more inclined to bask and feed. They are also more likely to reproduce as it has a positive effect on the pineal gland. The American chameleon is not actually a chameleon.

The American chameleon, or anole Anolis carolinensis , is not a true chameleon, but a small lizard of the iguana family. It is found in the SE United States and is noted for its colour changes. Powered by WordPress.

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